In research papers, you should quote from a source when you:
You should summarize or paraphrase when you:
A quote is the reproduction of the words of the original author. To quote, follow the steps below:
According to Lennie, "[...] I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that's why" (Steinbeck 14).
A summary is a brief statement of the main points of a source. To summarize, follow the steps below:
This video from Hartness Library discusses incorporating information sources into your research paper.
A paraphrase is the rewording of something written or spoken by someone else. To paraphrase, follow these steps:
If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling for linguists, it was also startling news for animal behaviorists (Davis 26).
Unacceptable Borrowing of Phrases
Davis observed that the existence of a signing ape unsettled linguists and startled animal behaviorists (26).
Unacceptable Borrowing of Structure
Davis observed that if the presence of a sign-language-using chimp was disturbing for scientists studying language, it was also surprising to scientists studying animal behavior (26).
Davis observed both linguists and animal behaviorists were taken by surprise upon learning of an ape’s ability to use sign language (26).